Tracing land use and land cover change in peri-urban Delhi, India, over 1973–2017 period

Paul, Somajita and Saxena, Krishna Gopal and Nagendra, Harini and Lele, Nikhil (2021) Tracing land use and land cover change in peri-urban Delhi, India, over 1973–2017 period. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 193 (2). pp. 1-12. ISSN 0167-6369

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Land use and land cover changes over 1973–2017 period in peripheral Delhi were mapped based on digital classification of satellite data and their driving forces ascertained. Urban area expanded and agricultural area diminished at annual rates of 38.6% and 2.1%, respectively, during the 1973–2017 period. Urban expansion occurred more in scrub and sparse vegetation areas than in cultivated lands or ponds. Loss of cultivated land happened mostly due to abandonment of cropping and tree planting in farmhouses developed by the urban elites. Improvement in the state of forests in terms of their expansion as well as densification offsets their loss due to urbanisation, encroachment and logging. The increment in the green cover was due to strict enforcement of compensatory afforestation/forest conservation law, growing demand of ecotourism, emergence of tree-clad farmhouses and increased environmental awareness and surveillance. This research will help in comprehending policies favouring sustainable urban development.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Land use and land cover, Peri-urban Delhi, Afforestation, Remote sensing, Vegetation cover
Subjects: Natural Sciences > Life sciences; biology > Ecology
Divisions: Azim Premji University > School of Development
Depositing User: Mr. Sachin Tirlapur
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2021 09:01
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2021 09:01
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