Rural collectives for livelihoods and conservation: lessons from male Mahadeswara hills, Karnataka

Dhanya, B. and Seema, Purushothaman and Sheetal, Patil (2013) Rural collectives for livelihoods and conservation: lessons from male Mahadeswara hills, Karnataka. In: Livelihood strategies in Southern India : conservation and poverty reduction in forest fringes. Springer, New Delhi, pp. 109-133. ISBN 9788132216254

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While an array of livelihood options are available to the marginalised communities in forest peripheries, they face several challenges in harnessing these, as the previous chapters revealed. The loss of traditional community-based institutions and the failure of alternative social capital to emerge are among the foremost. In this context, self-help groups (SHGs) have recently evolved to fill this vacuum with the primary objective of poverty reduction. However, if sustainable rural well-being is the objective, SHGs need to synergise the interlinked assets of natural, social, human and physical capital in a rural environment. SHGs have been mostly associated with the last, providing credit access to rural communities, supporting them in liquidity crises and helping them embark on profit-oriented enterprises. Though perceived as major change agents, without an integrated perspective of their social-ecological-economic system (SEES), poverty reduction and rural well-being through self-organisation will remain unrealised goals. Taking the case of selected SHGs functioning among forest-dependent communities near the Malè Mahadeswara Hills (MM Hills) in Karnataka, this chapter explores their multiple objectives from a SEES perspective and assesses their potential in synergising a dynamic equilibrium within the rural SEES. The authors further argue that regular monitoring of the impact of SHGs on the natural, social and human capital of SEES is as important as monitoring their success in alternative livelihood.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Livelihoods, Katranataka, Malè Mahadeswara Hills.
Subjects: Social sciences > Economics > Economics of land & energy
Social sciences > Economics > Production > Sustainable development
Depositing User: Mr. Krishnamoorti Chavan
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2018 12:24
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2019 05:51
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