Bush encroachment influences nocturnal rodent community and behaviour in a semi-arid grassland in Gujarat, India

Jayadevan, Anisha and Mukherjee, Shomen and Vanak, Abi Tamim (2018) Bush encroachment influences nocturnal rodent community and behaviour in a semi-arid grassland in Gujarat, India. Journal of Arid Environments, 153. pp. 32-38. ISSN 0140-1963

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Abstract

Bush encroachment is one of the major threats to grasslands globally. The increased cover due to bush encroachment can strongly influence the behaviour of animals adapted to a more open habitat. In this study, we explored the effects of bush encroachment on the foraging behaviour of nocturnal rodents the semi-arid Banni grasslands of western India, once one of India's largest tropical grassland habitats. We quantified foraging behaviour using the giving-up density (GUD) framework, across two sites that differed in the extent of bush encroachment. Rodents in the site with high bush encroachment (the dense site) exhibited higher foraging costs (higher GUD) in early summer compared to the site with low bush encroachment (the sparse site). Rodents in the dense site also had lower activity. The dense site supported higher richness and relative abundance of generalist rodents than the sparse site. Our results suggest that bush encroachment may be associated with higher foraging costs for nocturnal rodents and resut in a change in species composition of rodents. Given the ecosystem engineering services performed by native grassland species, these results can have negative implications for grassland restoration.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Semi-arid grasslands, Bush encroachment, Foraging behaviour, Giving-up density
Subjects: Natural Sciences > Plants (Botany)
Divisions: Azim Premji University > School of Arts and Sciences
Depositing User: Mr. Krishnamoorti Chavan
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2018 10:15
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2018 11:51
Related URLs:
URI: http://publications.azimpremjifoundation.org/id/eprint/334
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2017.12.009

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